35.1 THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTION OF MINORITY RIGHTS REVISION SERVICE 2, 1998The problem of accommodating and protecting ethnic, religious and linguistic minoritie s in a democratic state dominated the lengthy constitutional negotiations that preceded the enactment of the interim Constitution. In fact, the entire structure and design of the Constitution strives to protect liberty, foster diversity, and check the potential for tyranny by the majority. A system of government carefully balanced to safeguard the rights of both the majority and the minority. Madisonian and Millian principles safeguard individual and political minorities. Majority Tyranny Democracy therefore requires minority rights equally as it does majority rule. ... Sir, A minority group's "protection" is supposed to be a State issue, but over time the "Incorporation of the Bill of Rights to the States" has inserted the federal government into the process. Majority rule is limited in order to protect minority rights, because if it were unchecked it probably would be used to oppress persons holding unpopular views. Indeed, as democracy is conceived today, the minority's rights must be protected no matter how singular or alienated that minority is from the majority society; otherwise, the majority's rights lose their meaning. The Indian constitution has entailed various measures for the protection of the rights of the minorities and socially and economically disadvantaged classes. That led, most notably, to the bicameral structure of our legislative branch. Minority Rights I: Individual Rights vs. But, as de Tocqueville observed above, the danger of majority tyranny lies also in the oppression of minority groups in society based on criteria such as skin color, ethnicity or nationality, religion, sexual orientation, and other group characteristics. The Electoral College is one such constitutional feature. The same is true of the Constitutional Assembly drafting proc ess, The true spirit and meaning of the amendments . However, one could argue that such recognition has not been consistent with the demands of current A common misperception is that the U.S. Constitution protects minority rights only through the Bill of Rights. Minority Rights II: Protecting Minority Groups in Society. PROTECTION OF MINORITY RELIGIOUS RIGHTS IN MALAWI 219 Since the adoption of a democratic constitution in 1994, democratic governments in Lilongwe3 have generally offered some recognition of and protection for freedom of religion. The Constitution, and Protecting the Rights of the Minority By Douglas V. Gibbs. . . The Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution can have a significant effect on the civil rights of minority groups. The Czech constitution is filled with statements of guaranteed civil liberties, which the constitutional government must not violate and which it is empowered to protect. Overview The Fourteenth Amendment “is one of a series of constitutional provisions having a common purpose; namely, securing to a race recently emancipated, a race that through many generations had been held in slavery, all the civil rights that the superior race enjoy. The Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution can have a significant effect on the civil rights of minority groups. They understood that protected rights … History is testimonial to various movements that took shape to support the minority rights of certain minority groups. Minority Rights … Article 29 of the Constitution of India defines the protection of interest of minorities: - 1) Any section of the citizen residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have right to conserve the same. The founders believed that freedoms and rights would require the protection of an educated elite group of citizens, against an intolerant majority. 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